CO2 fire extinguishers contain pure carbon dioxide and are used mainly on fires involving live electrical equipment or those involving flammable liquids. In this handy guide, we explain all about how this type of fire extinguisher works, when it should and shouldn’t be used and which premises would benefit from one.
This type of fire extinguisher is only recommended for certain classes of fire, including those started through faults in live electrical equipment. Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers are suitable for electrical equipment because the gas is non-conductive and the residue it leaves behind won’t damage electrical equipment or machinery. In the hands of a trained user, a CO2 fire extinguisher could be used on a class B fire (flammable liquids like petrol or oil) but should never be used on cooking fires because its powerful discharge could easily splash burning fat and fan the fire. There is also still the risk of spreading hot liquid with the added danger of re ignition if the hot liquid reignites when the CO2 empties, circa 14 seconds. They’re not deemed suitable for Class A fires (flammable solids) either.
Carbon dioxide is stored in the canister in liquid form. Once released into the air, carbon dioxide extinguishers work by starving the fire of oxygen. This ensures the fire no longer burns and the flames don’t spread.
The canister has a red body and a black banner running along the top section, which labels it CO2. It has a horn-like black nozzle.
This type of fire extinguisher is most suited to settings with an electrical fire risk. Offices, schools and hospitals would benefit from having them on site because of the volume of electrical equipment present in the building.
Always check the safety pin first. It shouldn’t be bent or appear tampered with in any way. Taking care not to hold the horn – it becomes very cold during use and could lead to severe frost burns – remove the safety pin to break the seal. Aim the horn towards the base of the fire and sweep it from side to side until the fire is extinguished.
Always keep an eye on the area in case the fire re-ignites.
Think this type of extinguisher is suitable for your premises? View CheckFire’s extensive range of CO2 extinguishers now. Alternatively, download our simple-view fire extinguisher guide.
BY Amy Moseley
BY Toria Jones
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